Andhrula Charitra: A History of Andhra People by B.S.L. Hanumantha Rao
Andhrula Charitra is a book that traces the history of Andhra people from ancient times to the present day. It is written by Dr. B.S.L. Hanumantha Rao, a renowned historian and scholar who has done extensive research on the culture, literature, politics and social movements of Andhra Pradesh. The book covers various aspects of Andhra history such as the origin and evolution of Telugu language, the rise and fall of dynasties like Satavahanas, Ikshvakus, Pallavas, Chalukyas, Kakatiyas, Vijayanagara, Qutb Shahis and Asaf Jahis, the role of Andhra people in the freedom struggle, the formation and reorganization of Andhra Pradesh state, and the contemporary issues and challenges faced by Andhra society.
The book is written in Telugu and is divided into four parts: Prachina Charitra (Ancient History), Madhyakalina Charitra (Medieval History), Adhunika Charitra (Modern History) and Samakalina Charitra (Contemporary History). The book is based on authentic sources and provides a comprehensive and objective account of Andhra history. The book is also enriched with maps, illustrations, tables and charts that help the readers to understand the historical facts and figures better.
Andhrula Charitra is a valuable resource for anyone who wants to learn more about the history and heritage of Andhra people. The book is available in print and digital formats. The print version can be purchased from Visalandra Publication House, Hyderabad. The digital version can be downloaded for free from the Internet Archive[^1^] or from other websites[^2^] [^3^] [^4^].The article continues as follows:
Andhra Pradesh witnessed many changes in the colonial and postcolonial periods. The British gained control of the Northern Circars (a coastal strip of Andhra Pradesh) in 1765 and added them to their Madras Presidency. The Nizam of Hyderabad ceded some territories of his kingdom to the British in 1800, which also became part of the Madras Presidency. The rest of his dominions, known as the Hyderabad State, remained independent under British paramountcy until 1947. After India gained independence from British rule, the Hyderabad State was annexed by India in 1948 after a military operation called Operation Polo.
The Telugu-speaking people of the Madras Presidency and the Hyderabad State were united for the first time on linguistic grounds to form Andhra State in 1953, with Kurnool as its capital. In 1956, under the States Reorganisation Act, Andhra State was merged with the Telangana region of the Hyderabad State to form Andhra Pradesh, with Hyderabad as its capital. The merger was opposed by some Telangana leaders who feared that their region would be neglected and exploited by the more developed Andhra region.
Andhra Pradesh played a significant role in India's national politics since its formation. It was a stronghold of the Indian National Congress party for many decades. It also produced some prominent leaders such as Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, who became the president of India in 1977, and Pamulaparti Venkata Narasimha Rao, who became the prime minister of India in 1991. Andhra Pradesh also witnessed the rise of regional parties such as the Telugu Desam Party (TDP), founded by the popular film star Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao (NTR) in 1982, and the Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party (YSRCP), founded by Yeduguri Sandinti Jaganmohan Reddy (Jagan) in 2011.
The demand for a separate state of Telangana resurfaced in the 21st century, led by the Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) party, founded by Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao (KCR) in 2001. After a prolonged agitation and political negotiations, the Indian Parliament passed a bill in February 2014 to bifurcate Andhra Pradesh and create Telangana as India's 29th state. The bill came into effect on June 2, 2014, and KCR became the first chief minister of Telangana. Andhra Pradesh retained Hyderabad as its joint capital with Telangana for a period not exceeding 10 years, until it develops a new capital city. 061ffe29dd